History[ edit ] Originally, instead of a special clef symbol, the reference line of the stave was simply labeled with the name of the note it was intended to bear: If an accidental is used, it applies to the rest of the measure. Click here for more information on this order of notes which, once learned, tells you both the lines and the spaces in the bass staff, and on the treble staff as well!
Further uses[ edit ] Clef combinations played a role in the modal system toward the end of the 16th century, and it has been suggested certain clef combinations in the polyphonic music of 16th-century vocal polyphony are reserved for authentic odd-numbered modes, and others for plagal even-numbered modes,   but the precise implications have been the subject of much scholarly debate.
The written key signature must always be adjusted to the proper key for the instrument being played. Start Notes on the Bass Clef Quiz Authors Wanted If you or someone you know would like to author some of the tutorials, please let me know by sending a message to me via the feedback form.
It might be even better to practice by going through a piece of music and writing down all of the note names. Even better, you could practice saying the note names out loud in rhythm or practice singing the note names on the correct pitches to combine rhythm and ear training.
Flat key signature order explanation The Battle Ends. Then the same for Eb in the second position, and so on for all the words in the phrase. Graphics and audio will be created by me based on your instructions. Taking the 1st letter of the 1st word in the phrase - B, the 4th note of the major scale with its name as the tonic - B major scale is note E the 2nd word of the phrase.
Have a look at the C major key signature. In modern Gregorian chant notation, the C clef is written on a four-line stave in the form and the F clef as The flourish at the top of the G-clef probably derives from a cursive S for "sol", the name for "G" in solfege.
The notes on the bass staff follow the same pattern as other notes on the music staff: All of the notes on the lines could be turned into this phrase: What do you think? Alto Clef This is a sharp. At this point, it would also be a good idea to start practicing the rhythm and ear training tutorials along side the music theory tutorials.
For a flat-based key signature like this scalethe order is easily remembered using the following phrase, whose first letters indicate the note name to be flattened: Simon 12 November The bass clef is also known as the F clef and looks like this: Different clefs have the notes in different places, but the A to G pattern remains the same.
F and C and, more rarely, G. Click here for more information and examples of this. Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles Father So if the scale contains note Bbthis is always the first flat key signature symbol shown next to the treble or bass clef in the note B staff position middle line.
Nominally, the soprano voice parts were written in first- or second-line C clef soprano clef or mezzo-soprano clef or second-line G clef treble clefthe alto or tenor voices in third-line C clef alto clefthe tenor voice in fourth-line C clef tenor clef and the bass voice in third- fourth- or fifth-line F clef baritone, bass, or sub-bass clef.
Your feedback is valuable! For example, on the treble clef, note E 2nd note shown occupies the 1st space from the top, whereas on the bass clef, the same note is the 2nd space from the top. The F-clef was, until as late as the s in some cases such as hymnalsor in British and French publications, written like this: For example, in the key of F we could change the naturally occuring B flat into a B by using the natural sign.
In order of frequency of use, these clefs were: In reality, any note could occur in multiple octaves ie. In the next step, only those flat positions in this particular scale will be used.
Despite those small variations, until the 19th century, the most common arrangement for vocal music used the following clefs: Click here to read more about the invisible Middle C line The spaces in the bass staff The notes in the spaces of the bass staff follow the pattern above as well, with an added bonus!
Test yourself on the bass staff notes Test your knowledge with a free online music theory quiz!
Notes will not always sound in the correct octave. Over time the shapes of these letters became stylised, leading to their current versions. Accidentals Accidentals are notes that are not included in the key signature. It raises the note in pitch by half step.
The only difference between them is that the bass clef symbols are shifted down to the next line or space and of course the note pitches are lower on the bass clef.
In fact, it is well worth learning to read the entire grand staff in addition to the bass staff if you are learning to read music! The number of lines of the stave is not necessarily five: This is how the bass or F clef looks on the staff.
For example, the key of F has one flat B flat.The unmodified bass clef is so common that performers of instruments and voice parts whose ranges lie below the stave simply learn the number of ledger lines for each note through common use, and if a line's true notes lie significantly above the bass clef the composer or publisher will often simply write the part in either the treble clef or notated.
The bass clef is also known as the F clef, and the note below the stave is F which makes it easy to remember. The spaces on the bass stave are F - A - C - E - G - B. Test yourself on the bass staff notes. C-flat major key signature has 7 flats This step shows the key signature next to the treble clef and bass clef containing the correct number of sharps and flats for this scale.
The key signature for this scale is shown below, with the key signature symbols in the correct order as per the phrase in the above step, and the note names in the same.
Start studying Band Music Theory. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Sometimes the bass clef can be more difficult to remember than the treble clef. You'll find the scales with sharps in their key signatures first and scales with flats in their key signatures second.
If you're having trouble remembering the names of the lines and spaces, these are the sayings I use: Bass Clef Lines: Great Big Ducks Fly Away Bass.
The names of the five lines are G, B, D, F, and A. The acronym of bass clef lines is Great Big Dogs Fight Animals. Hover your mouse over each line note below to view the note name and see the acronym.Download