The mauna loa volcano essay

Mauna Loa: The Fiery Mountain

Its name is quite fitting as it means "Tall Mountain". Eventually, the eruption ceased on its own. The general rule is that volcanic activity usually appears along plate boundaries, but Mauna Loa and the Hawaiian Islands sit on what is called a hot spot in approximately the middle of Pacific plate.

Mauna Loa is a mountain The mauna loa volcano essay Hawaii that is made of volcanic stone.

However, the role the bombing played in ending the eruption has since been heavily disputed by volcanologists. The history is in part based on an account by Titus Coan, whose autobiography is proudly hosted on our HCV website.

People diedhouses were destroyed by ash and water many animals were burned or drowned to death. The shield-stage lavas that built the enormous main mass of the mountain are tholeiitic basaltslike those of Mauna Keacreated through the mixing of primary magma and subducted oceanic crust.

The eruption was not the most voluminous eruption on the volcano the long-lived — event produced more than twice as much materialbut it was easily one of the fastest-acting, producing the same amount of lava as the eruption in a tenth of the time.

The mountain continues to grow as lava is added to its lava fields. The closer to the hot spot a volcano is, the more active it will be. What happened when Mauna Loa erupted? MERGE already exists as an alternate of this question. A cyclic model has been proposed by Lockwood, ibid.

It shows the lava flow approaching Hilo on February This occurs when a wave comes in and hits the lava in the tube as it flows to the ocean.

The cause of this cessation in The mauna loa volcano essay is not known, and no known similar hiatus has been found at other Hawaiian volcanoes except for those currently in the post-shield stage.

The xenoliths also show an array of textures that show having been in different physical environments. However, the lowest elevation flows were the somewhat more evolved MgO 8 wt. Other volcanoes on the island of Hawaii for which limited radiocarbon data are available show no evidence of similar cyclicity or repose.

It is believed that all five of the existing islands and some sea mountains were formed by the same type of crustal rift that is feeding Mauna Loa.

However, the flow got no closer, as two natural levees further up its pathway consequently broke and diverted active flows. As the Pacific Plate slid over a "hot spot" in the underlying mantle, magma escaped to make new eruptions and form new islands.

Compositions became more primitive MgO up to 10 wt. For the source and more detailed information concerning this subject, click on the related links section Answers.

A few lobes came into town, one reaching just 70 m upslope of Komohana Street and another crossing Komohana Street and stalling near the intersection of Mohouli and Popolo Streets, just 1.

It has continued to display at least some activity since it was created betweenand 1, years ago according to geologic studies. While activity on the upper portion of the lower fissures lasted a week, the lower portion remained active for about three weeks.

The minerals found included olivine, plagioclase, pyroxene, and combinations of all three. Lockwood in USGS Professional Paper Radiocarbon dating of charcoal from beneath lava flows of Mauna Loa has provided the most detailed prehistoric eruptive history of any volcano on Earth.

Although there was no loss of life, the village was permanently destroyed. It is speculated that extensive phreatomagmatic activity occurred during this time, contributing extensively to ash deposits on the summit.

What is the Mauna Loa made of? It is not near a plate boundary, in fact it is 3, km from the nearest plate boundary, and is situated in the middle of the Pacific tectonic plate. Since Mauna Loa erupts basalt flows, it magma contains around fifty percent silica and is rich in iron and magnesium.

Mauna Loa has erupted 33 times since with other less well-dated eruptions going back to and before. As the plate moves, it carries the previously formed, older, volcanoes with it, creating a trail of younger, new volcanoes behind. Would you like to merge this question into it?

Since then, the volcano has remained active, with a history of effusive and explosive eruptions, including 33 eruptions since the first well-documented eruption in How old is Mauna Loa?

What are facts about Mauna Loa?

This island is actually made up of five volcanoes, Kohala, Mauna Kea, Hualalai, Mauna Loa, and Kilauea, all in such close proximity that they fused together to form one whole island.Mauna Loa is Earth's largest volcano and most massive mountain as it takes up nearly half of the flourishing landscape of the island of Hawai'i.

This island is actually made up of five volcanoes, Kohala, Mauna Kea, Hualalai, Mauna Loa, and Kilauea, all in such close proximity that they fused together to form one whole island. Essay Preview 4/4(1). Kilauea Volcanoe Essay examples; Kilauea Volcanoe Essay examples.

Words Feb 19th, 4 Pages. Kilauea Volcano By: Jeremy Dodson Located in the Pacific Ocean, Hawaii and the Hawaiian Islands are the cone-shaped tops of gigantic ocean volcanoes. The Mauna Loa Volcano Essay. Rising gradually to more than 4 km (13, ft) above sea level, Mauna Loa is the largest active volcano on our planet.

Its long submarine flanks descend to the sea floor an additional 5 km (16, ft), and the sea floor in turn is depressed by Mauna Loa's great mass another 8 km (26, ft).

Essay on The Mauna Loa Volcano - The Mauna Loa Volcano The Mauna Loa volcano is located in Hawaii and means "Long Mountain" in Hawaiian. It is a giant, basaltic shield volcano. It is one of the largest volcanoes and mountains in the world and has been called the "monarch of mountains".

It has an estimated volume of 9, cubic miles and takes. Following the pattern of Hawaiian volcano formation, Mauna Loa would have started as a submarine volcano, gradually building itself up through underwater eruptions of alkali basalt before emerging from the sea through a series of surtseyan eruptions aboutyears ago.

Mauna Loa is the world's largest and one of its most active volcanoes - a giant shield volcano on the Big Island of Hawai'i. Background: Mauna Loa, world's largest mountain and volcano, is a archetype of a basaltic shield volcano in its late mature stage of life, and only about ,, years old.

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